Stay Safe: Know How Many Fire Extinguishers You Need in a Business Premises

How Many Fire Extinguishers You Need in a Business Premises

A business premises should have at least one fire extinguisher for every 200 square meters of floor area. For example, if the floor area of the business premises is 400 square meters, then two fire extinguishers are required.

This is according to the national fire protection association and is to ensure the safety of employees and customers in case of a fire emergency. It is important for businesses to comply with fire safety regulations to prevent loss of life and property.

In addition to having the required number of fire extinguishers, it is also important to ensure that they are placed in accessible and visible locations, and that employees are trained on how to use them in case of a fire.

Stay Safe: Know How Many Fire Extinguishers You Need in a Business Premises


Why Is It Important To Know How Many Fire Extinguishers You Need?

Dangers Of A Fire Outbreak In A Business Premises

A fire outbreak in a business premises can be catastrophic, leading to loss of lives, property, and businesses. Here are some of the dangers of a fire outbreak in a business premises:

  • The smoke and fumes from the fire can cause serious respiratory problems, leading to loss of lives or severe health complications.
  • The fire can cause extensive damage to the property, including buildings, equipment, and inventory, leading to substantial financial losses.
  • Business operations may be severely affected, leading to a loss of income or even bankruptcy.

Laws And Regulations Surrounding Fire Safety In Most Countries

There are strict laws and regulations surrounding fire safety in most countries. These laws are designed to ensure that businesses take every precaution to prevent fires and respond appropriately if there is a fire outbreak. Here are some key points to note:

  • It is mandatory for businesses to have fire extinguishers on their premises. The specific type and number of extinguishers required depend on the size and nature of the business.
  • Businesses are required to conduct regular fire drills to educate employees on fire safety procedures and ensure that everyone knows how to respond in case of a fire outbreak.
  • Failure to comply with fire safety regulations could result in hefty fines, legal action, or even closure of the business.

Knowing how many fire extinguishers are required on your business premises is crucial for compliance and safety. Not having the correct number or type of extinguishers could put your business, employees, and customers at risk. Stay compliant and protect your business by ensuring that you have the correct number of fire extinguishers installed and maintained on your premises.

How To Determine The Number Of Fire Extinguishers You Need For Your Business Premises

How to determine the number of fire extinguishers you need for your business premises

The safety of a business premises is crucial for both employees and clients. As such, installing fire extinguishers can provide effective protection against fire-related hazards. However, the number of extinguishers required depends on several factors, including the size of the premises, the classification of fire extinguishers based on the classes of fires, and calculation of the fire risk.

Classification Of Fire Extinguishers Based On The Classes Of Fires

Fire extinguishers come in various types, which are specifically designed to put out specific classes of fires. Understanding the classification of fire extinguishers can help choose the right one for your business premises. Here are the common classes of fires and the appropriate extinguishers for each:

  • Class a fires: These involve ordinary combustibles like wood, paper, and cloth. Use water or foam-based extinguishers for this type of fire.
  • Class b fires: This includes flammable liquids and gases, such as oil, gasoline, and propane. Use co2 or dry chemical extinguishers to put out these fires.
  • Class c fires: These fires involve electrical equipment such as motors, appliances, and wiring. Non-conductive extinguishers such as co2, dry chemical, or halon are best for this class of fire.
  • Class d fires: This involves flammable metals in powdered form. Use special extinguishers designed for these types of fires.

Assessment Of The Size Of The Business Premises

The size of your business premises plays a significant role in determining the number of extinguishers required. Larger properties will require more extinguishers than smaller ones. Here are some guidelines to follow when assessing the size of the premises:

  • For businesses with up to 3000 square feet, at least one extinguisher for every 75 feet of floor space is recommended.
  • For properties between 3,001 and 6,000 square feet, consider having one extinguisher for every 100 square feet of floor space.
  • For larger properties, it’s essential to get expert advice on the number of extinguishers required based on the size of the premises, the layout, and the fire risk assessment.

Calculation Of The Fire Risk

To determine the right number of extinguishers required for your business premises, it’s essential to conduct a fire risk assessment. This assessment considers various factors that can increase the likelihood of a fire breaking out, such as the type of business, the presence of hazardous materials, use of flammable liquids, and electrical systems.

Here are some points to consider during a fire risk assessment:

  • The type of business premises: Certain businesses, such as those that use flammable materials, chemicals, or gases, can pose a higher fire risk.
  • The layout and design of the premises: The layout of your business premises can affect the risk of fire. For example, small, narrow corridors or rooms with no windows are high-risk areas.
  • The age of the property: Older buildings may have outdated electrical systems, which increases the risk of a fire breaking out.

By taking into account the business size, class of fire, and fire risk assessment, you can determine the number of fire extinguishers required for your business premises. Ultimately, this puts you in a better position to protect your employees, clients, and business property from fire-related hazards.


What Happens When You Have Inadequate Fire Extinguishers In A Business Premises?

Lack Of Proper Control During A Fire Outbreak

Inadequate fire extinguishers can lead to a lack of proper control during a fire outbreak in a business premises. Here are some key points to keep in mind:

  • Without enough fire extinguishers, a fire can quickly grow out of control.
  • If the number of fire extinguishers is below the legal requirement for the size of the building, the business could face fines and legal repercussions.
  • Fire extinguishers must be placed in visible and easily accessible locations.
  • Employees must be adequately trained in how to use fire extinguishers to not only control fires but also to protect themselves.

Increase In Fire Damage

Having too few fire extinguishers in a business premises can also increase the amount of damage caused by a fire. Here are some key points to consider:

  • Without proper extinguishers, fires can easily spread to other areas of the building, causing a higher level of damage.
  • More damage to a business often results in longer recovery time and higher associated costs.
  • Inadequate fire extinguishers can also lead to increased risk to human lives and property.

By understanding the importance of appropriate fire extinguisher provision and placement in a business premises, it becomes more evident that the safety of both employees and property lies in having sufficient and accessible fire extinguishers available.

Tips For Proper Maintenance And Storage Of Fire Extinguishers

Fire safety in a business premises is crucial for the well-being of employees and visitors. Equipping the workplace with an adequate number of fire extinguishers isn’t enough. It’s important to ensure the fire extinguishers are stored and maintained appropriately to ensure their efficiency in emergency situations.

Here are some tips on how to store and maintain fire extinguishers in your business premises:

Regular Inspections

Regular inspections are necessary to ensure that the fire extinguishers located in the premises are in proper working order. Below are some tips on how to carry out these checks:

  • Maintenance professionals should carry out a thorough inspection of the fire extinguishers annually.
  • Make sure that the safety pin and tamper seal are intact.
  • Check the pressure gauge and ensure that the needle is in the green area, indicating that the extinguisher is still pressurized.
  • Examine the fire extinguisher for defects like cracks, leaks, or corrosion.
  • Ensure the nozzle and hose are free of obstruction.

Proper Storage In Strategic Locations

It’s vital to place fire extinguishers in strategic locations to make sure that they are easily accessible during an emergency. Here are some tips for proper storage:

  • Fire extinguishers should be kept in plain view.
  • Install fire extinguishers at fire-prone areas like kitchens, combustion engine rooms, and dry-storage rooms.
  • Make sure the fire extinguishers are mounted with the correct signs and within reach in an emergency.

Appropriate Upkeep Measures

Apart from regular inspections, some upkeep measures are necessary to ensure that the fire extinguishers are always ready to use. Here are some tips for appropriate upkeep measures:

  • Keep a maintenance log for every inspection carried out.
  • Train employees on how to use the fire extinguishers effectively.
  • Include fire extinguisher inspections in monthly fire drills.
  • Hire licensed fire prevention professionals to inspect the fire extinguishers in the workplace regularly.

By following the tips mentioned above, you’ll make sure your business premises is well equipped and ready to tackle potential fires in the workplace. Maintain, store and keep your fire extinguishers ready for emergencies, and have peace of mind.

Frequently Asked Questions For How Many Fire Extinguishers Are Required In A Business Premises

How Do I Know How Many Fire Extinguishers Are Needed In My Business Premises?

The number of fire extinguishers required depends on the size and type of the business, the potential fire hazards, and the layout of the premises. Generally, a small business would require at least one extinguisher per floor or section while larger businesses may need several.

What Type Of Fire Extinguishers Are Needed In A Business Premises?

The type of fire extinguisher required depends on the potential fire hazards. Class a fire extinguishers are suitable for fires involving paper, wood, or textiles. Class b extinguishers should be used for flammable liquids such as petrol and oils. Class c extinguishers are used for fires involving electrical equipment.

How Often Should Fire Extinguishers Be Inspected And Maintained?

Fire extinguishers should be inspected and maintained annually by a qualified technician. Additionally, businesses should ensure that extinguishers are easily accessible, signs indicating their locations are visible, and employees are trained on how to use them.

Can Fire Extinguishers Be Used For Any Type Of Fire?

No, fire extinguishers are designed to tackle specific types of fires and should not be used for fires in different classes. Using the wrong type of extinguisher can make the fire worse and increase the risk of injury. Always ensure that the right extinguisher is used for the type of fire.

Can I Install Fire Extinguishers Myself?

Installation of fire extinguishers should be done by a qualified and experienced fire safety technician. They will be able to advise on the number and type of extinguishers required, and ensure that they are installed in the correct locations for maximum effectiveness in the event of a fire.

What Should I Do If I Discover A Fire In My Business Premises?

In the event of a fire in your business, activate the fire alarm and evacuate the building immediately via the nearest exit. Call the fire services and ensure that all employees and visitors are accounted for. Do not try to tackle the fire yourself unless you have been trained and are equipped to do so.


With the knowledge of how many fire extinguishers are required in a business premises, the chances of mitigating fire risks are enhanced. By following the relevant regulations outlined for each type of business, employees and customers are protected against the risks of fire.

Ensuring that fire extinguishers are readily available and easily accessible in different strategic points of the premises is crucial. Adequate training provided to employees in its usage, maintenance, and identification is also essential in preventing and combating fire incidents. Regular inspection and proper maintenance by certified professionals should be carried out to ensure the extinguishers are operational and functional when they are needed the most.

Protecting a business and its stakeholders from the potential of fire accidents should be a top priority for every business owner. With the proper steps taken, a business can ensure its safety and continuity at all times.


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