How Far Can a 308 Bullet Travel? Distance Records Broken

308 Bullet Travel

A 308 bullet can travel up to 4,000 yards in the right conditions. With a maximum effective range of around 800 yards, the bullet will start to lose velocity and accuracy beyond that distance.

Hunters and marksmen alike appreciate the 308’s power and accuracy. The cartridge is popular for long-range shooting and is effective against large game. However, with the ability to travel up to 4,000 yards, it’s important for shooters to practice responsible firearm safety and be aware of their surroundings.

Additionally, environmental factors such as wind and temperature can affect the bullet’s trajectory. Understanding these factors can help shooters achieve greater accuracy and success in hitting their targets.

How Far Can a 308 Bullet Travel? Distance Records Broken
Bullet Travel


Understanding The Basics Of 308 Bullet Travel

If you’re an avid shooter or hunter, you may be curious about how far a 308 bullet can travel. Understanding the basics of the 308 bullet’s design, weight, velocity, and energy can help you figure out the maximum effective range and bullet drop.

Here’s what you need to know:

The 308 Bullet’S Design And Weight (168 To 180 Grains)

  • The 308 bullet is a popular choice for long-range shooting and hunting because of its weight and aerodynamic design.
  • Depending on the manufacturer, a 308 bullet usually weighs between 168 and 180 grains.
  • The bullet’s pointed nose and boat-tail base help minimize drag and stabilize the bullet during flight.
  • The shape of the bullet also helps it retain its kinetic energy over long distances.

Velocity And Energy Of A 308 Bullet

  • The velocity of a 308 bullet depends on several factors, including the barrel length and the powder charge.
  • A typical 308 bullet travels at a velocity of around 2,800 feet per second.
  • The energy of the bullet also depends on the velocity and weight. A 168-grain bullet typically has around 2,650 foot-pounds of energy at the muzzle.
  • As the bullet travels downrange, it loses energy due to air resistance and gravity. This can cause the bullet to drop significantly over long distances.

The Role Of The Rifling Twist Rate In Bullet Stabilization

  • The rifling twist rate, which is the rate of twist in the rifling grooves inside the barrel, plays a crucial role in stabilizing a 308 bullet.
  • A slower twist rate, such as 1: 12, is better suited for lighter bullets that don’t require as much stabilization.
  • A faster twist rate, such as 1: 10 or 1:11, is better suited for heavier bullets like the 168 and 180-grain 308 bullets.
  • With the proper twist rate, the bullet will spin and stabilize in flight, resulting in greater accuracy and longer effective range.

Understanding the basics of 308 bullet travel is essential for any long-range shooter or hunter. By knowing the bullet’s design and weight, velocity and energy, and the role of the rifling twist rate, you can accurately predict its range and bullet drop, resulting in more precise and successful shots.

Real-World Examples Of 308 Bullet Distance Records

The Story Of The 2.84-Mile Shot

Did you know that the longest confirmed kill with a 308 bullet was made from a staggering 2. 84 miles away? This incredible feat was accomplished by a canadian sniper named rob furlong during the war in afghanistan in 2002.

Furlong was able to hit his target with a mcmillan tac-50 rifle, which uses a. 50 bmg bullet that is more than five times the weight of a 308 bullet. Despite this impressive feat, there are other notable examples of long-range shooting with a 308 bullet.

A Historical Overview Of Long-Range Shooting Records With A 308 Bullet

The 308 bullet has been used by military sharpshooters and civilian long-range shooters for decades. It has a reputation for being accurate and reliable and is commonly used for hunting. Over the years, there have been many instances of long-range shooting with a 308 bullet that have set records and impressed the world.

Some of the notable examples include:

  • In 1967, us marine corps gunnery sergeant carlos hathcock made a confirmed kill at a distance of 2,286 yards (1.3 miles) in vietnam.
  • In 2009, a british sniper identified only as corporal of horse craig harrison broke furlong’s record when he took out two taliban machine gunners with consecutive shots from a distance of 2.47 miles.
  • In 2017, an australian sniper made a confirmed kill at a distance of 2.62 miles in iraq.

The Current 308 Bullet Distance Record And Its Specifics

The current 308 bullet distance record is held by a new zealand special forces sniper who made a confirmed kill at a distance of 2. 88 miles in 2018. The sniper, who has not been identified, was using a barrett m82 rifle chambered in.

50 bmg. Despite not using a 308 bullet, this incredible feat showcases the skill and precision of long-range shooting.

The 308 bullet has a rich history of use in long-range shooting, and while it may not be the caliber used in the longest confirmed kill, it is still an extremely capable and reliable bullet for long-range shooting. With skilled marksmanship and the right equipment, there is no doubt that the record for the longest confirmed kill with a 308 bullet will be broken again in the future.

Factors That Affect 308 Bullet Travel Distance

When it comes to shooting, it’s essential to understand the potential travel distance of a bullet, especially if you’re shooting at a longer distance. The 308 bullet has been a popular choice for shooting enthusiasts, hunters, and competitive marksmen. But, how far can a 308 bullet travel?

The answer to this question is not as simple as you might think since many factors affect a bullet’s travel distance. In this section, we’ll explore some of the key factors that impact the 308 bullet’s flight path and help you understand the bullet’s maximum travel distance.

The Impact Of Atmospheric Conditions On Bullet Trajectory, Including Wind, Humidity, And Temperature

Atmospheric conditions play a vital role in determining how far a bullet can travel. The following factors affect the bullet’s flight path:

  • Wind: Wind is one of the most significant factors that affect the bullet’s trajectory. Even a slight breeze can alter the bullet’s path significantly and reduce its maximum travel distance. A head-on wind will slow down the bullet’s speed, reducing its range, while a tailwind can speed up the bullet, increasing its range.
  • Humidity: Humidity also affects the bullet’s flight path since the air’s moisture content can alter its density. Higher humidity levels can slow down the bullet since the air is denser, while lower humidity levels can increase the bullet’s speed.
  • Temperature: The air temperature can impact the bullet’s maximum travel distance since temperature affects the air’s density. When the temperature is high, the air expands, becoming less dense, and causing the bullet to travel farther. On the other hand, colder temperatures decrease the air’s volume, increasing its density, and slowing down the bullet.

The Effects Of Bullet Drag And Drop On Distance Traveled

The drag and drop of a bullet can significantly impact its range. The following factors affect the bullet’s drag and drop:

  • Bullet weight and shape: In general, heavier bullets experience greater drag, reducing their range. Additionally, the bullet’s shape also plays a role in drag. Long, sleek bullets experience less drag than short, stubby bullets, leading to more extended ranges.
  • Air resistance: As the bullet travels through the air, it experiences resistance, slowing it down over time. The bullet’s speed and shape affect the amount of resistance it experiences.

How Barrel Length Can Affect Bullet Speed And Accuracy

Finally, the length of the barrel can affect the speed and accuracy of the bullet. A longer barrel generally increases the bullet’s speed since the expanding gas from the firing process has more time to accelerate the bullet. A longer barrel can also increase accuracy, since it provides more stability to the bullet as it leaves the barrel, reducing the bullet’s deviation from its intended path.

Understanding the factors that affect the 308 bullet’s maximum travel distance is critical for shooting accuracy and safety. Factors such as atmospheric conditions, bullet drag and drop, and barrel length are all key considerations when attempting to determine a bullet’s maximum range.

By being aware of these factors, you can make more informed decisions when selecting the appropriate ammunition and weaponry for your shooting needs.

Achieving Maximum Range With A 308 Bullet

When it comes to achieving the maximum range with a 308 bullet, there are several factors to consider. From bullet selection to shooting techniques, every detail plays a crucial role in determining the bullet’s distance. In this section, we will discuss the key points that can help you achieve the most significant distance.

The Importance Of Bullet Selection In Achieving The Greatest Distance

Bullet selection is crucial in determining the range of a 308 bullet. Here are some factors to keep in mind when selecting a bullet:

  • Bullet weight: The heavier the bullet, the greater the range.
  • Bullet shape: A more streamlined bullet will fly farther than a less streamlined one.
  • Bullet material: Lead bullets tend to lose velocity quicker, whereas copper bullets maintain their velocity and energy better over a more extended distance.

Optimum Shooting Techniques For 308 Bullets

Besides bullet selection, proper shooting techniques are also essential in achieving the maximum range with a 308 bullet. Here are some tips for shooting accurately and farther:

  • Use a stable shooting platform: Bench shooting or prone shooting provides the most stable shooting position, ultimately increasing accuracy and maximum range.
  • Maintain consistent trigger control: Consistent, gentle trigger pull reduces shooting errors, ultimately resulting in longer maximum range.
  • Proper breath control: Hold your breath during the firing process to minimize movement and increase accuracy.
  • Adjust the scope carefully: Properly aligning the scope with the 308 bullet can greatly increase maximum range.

How To Overcome The Inherent Instability Of High-Speed, Long-Range Bullets

As a shooter, it is essential to understand the inherent instability of bullets at high speeds over a long range. Here are some tips for overcoming this instability:

  • Use a heavier bullet: A heavier bullet reduces the effects of wind and other elements on the bullet’s trajectory.
  • Use a higher ballistic coefficient (bc) bullet: A higher bc bullet is more streamlined and maintains its velocity longer, resulting in greater accuracy and maximum range.
  • Increase the muzzle velocity: A higher muzzle velocity allows the bullet to maintain its velocity over a more extended range.

Achieving the maximum range with a 308 bullet requires proper bullet selection, shooting techniques, and awareness of inherent bullet instability. By following these guidelines, you can increase the bullet’s distance and shoot accurately and farther.

Frequently Asked Questions For How Far Can A 308 Bullet Travel

How Far Can A .308 Bullet Travel For A Hunting Rifle?

The. 308 bullet can travel up to 800 yards with an accuracy range of 500 yards. The accuracy varies depending on bullet weight, overall length, and twist rate of the barrel.

What Are The Applications Of .308 Bullets?

The. 308 bullets are widely used for military and hunting purposes. They are used in long-range shooting competitions, hunting deer-sized animals, and law enforcement agencies.

Is A .308 Bullet Deadly Enough?

Yes, the. 308 bullet is deadly enough and can take down various game animals, including elk, deer, bears, and moose. However, it is always important to follow safety guidelines and practice good marksmanship.

What Is The Maximum Effective Range Of A .308 Bullet?

The maximum effective range of a. 308 bullet is around 800 yards. Beyond that range, the accuracy starts to decrease, and the bullet may not hit the intended target.

How Much Does A .308 Bullet Weigh, And What Is The Recoil?

The. 308 bullet typically weighs between 150 and 180 grains. The recoil depends on various factors, such as the weight of the gun, bullet weight, and powder charge. However, it is manageable with proper technique and practice.


Ultimately, understanding the maximum distance a 308 bullet can travel is crucial not only for hunters and sharpshooters but also for anyone who values safety. Based on our discussion, it is clear that there is no definitive answer to this question.

Variables such as wind resistance, bullet design, and shooting conditions can significantly impact the bullet’s trajectory and effective range. It is up to responsible gun owners and users to remain vigilant and take proper precautions when handling firearms. Always consult with experts and adhere to safety guidelines, and never take shots that are beyond your skill level or equipment capacity.

By doing so, we can ensure that we enjoy our shooting experiences while keeping ourselves and the people around us safe.


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